Paper Money vs. Gold Money
In 1913 the US took a big step away from gold when it authorized the Federal Reserve to issue paper notes that were only 40% backed by gold while claiming they were fully convertible. This fell apart when people tried to exchange their paper money for gold in 1933. Instead of admitting the central bank was bankrupt, the government confiscated everyone’s gold, made it illegal for them to hold gold, and devalued the paper to $35 per oz of gold. At Bretton Woods the US agreed that central banks around the world could redeem $35 US for 1 oz of gold. As countries tried to exchange their dollars for gold it became clear US did not even have enough gold to back the dollars returning from overseas. Instead of admitting the central bank was bankrupt, the US said it was “closing the gold window”. In reality this was stealing from billions of people. By the time the dollar:gold ratio went from 35:1 to 800:1 the government was able to stabilize the dollar by buying up dollars using gold and raising interest rates to 20%.
“I’m not upset that you lied to me, I’m upset that from now on I can’t believe you” – Friedrich Nietzsche
Even though the US dollar history is like a dishonest Goldsmith Banker issuing more receipts for gold than he has gold, central banks around the world continue to hold US dollars as reserves. The US continues to print more, stealing value from countries around the world with each new dollar printed. It is fundamentally unfair for the US to get real wealth from billions of poor people around the world in exchange for giving them pieces of paper, and then to devalue those pieces of paper by printing more all the time. As other countries realize they are being ripped off because they are using and holding dollars they will reduce their exposure to dollars. When central banks do this they call it diversifying reserves. As this happens the value of the dollar will crash.
Source and Credits to the following link which has plenty of background information on the history of the US Dollar